Searchengine.php 13.2 KB
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<?php

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namespace App\Models;
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use App\Jobs\Searcher;
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use App\MetaGer;
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use Cache;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\DispatchesJobs;
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use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Redis;
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abstract class Searchengine
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{
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    use DispatchesJobs;
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    public $ch; # Curl Handle zum erhalten der Ergebnisse
    public $getString = ""; # Der String für die Get-Anfrage
    public $engine; # Die ursprüngliche Engine XML
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    public $enabled = true; # true, wenn die Suchmaschine nicht explizit disabled ist
    public $results = []; # Die geladenen Ergebnisse
    public $ads = []; # Die geladenen Werbungen
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    public $products = []; # Die geladenen Produkte
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    public $loaded = false; # wahr, sobald die Ergebnisse geladen wurden
    public $cached = false;
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    public $ip; # Die IP aus der metager
    public $uses; # Die Anzahl der Nutzungen dieser Suchmaschine
    public $homepage; # Die Homepage dieser Suchmaschine
    public $name; # Der Name dieser Suchmaschine
    public $disabled; # Ob diese Suchmaschine ausgeschaltet ist
    public $useragent; # Der HTTP Useragent
    public $startTime; # Die Zeit der Erstellung dieser Suchmaschine
    public $hash; # Der Hash-Wert dieser Suchmaschine

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    private $user; # Username für HTTP-Auth (falls angegeben)
    private $password; # Passwort für HTTP-Auth (falls angegeben)

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    public $fp; # Wird für Artefakte benötigt
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    public $socketNumber = null; # Wird für Artefakte benötigt
    public $counter = 0; # Wird eventuell für Artefakte benötigt
    public $write_time = 0; # Wird eventuell für Artefakte benötigt
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    public $connection_time = 0; # Wird eventuell für Artefakte benötigt
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    public function __construct(\SimpleXMLElement $engine, MetaGer $metager)
    {
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        # Versucht möglichst viele attribute aus dem engine XML zu laden
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        foreach ($engine->attributes() as $key => $value) {
            $this->$key = $value->__toString();
        }
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        # Standardhomepage metager.de
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        if (!isset($this->homepage)) {
            $this->homepage = "https://metager.de";
        }

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        # Speichert die XML der Engine
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        $this->engine = $engine->asXML();
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        # Cache Standarddauer 60
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        if (!isset($this->cacheDuration)) {
            $this->cacheDuration = 60;
        }

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        $this->enabled = true;

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        # Eine Suchmaschine kann automatisch temporär deaktiviert werden, wenn es Verbindungsprobleme gab:
        if (isset($this->disabled) && strtotime($this->disabled) <= time()) {
            # In diesem Fall ist der Timeout der Suchmaschine abgelaufen.
            $this->enable($metager->getSumaFile(), "Die Suchmaschine " . $this->name . " wurde wieder eingeschaltet.");
        } elseif (isset($this->disabled) && strtotime($this->disabled) > time()) {
            $this->enabled = false;
            return;
        }

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        $this->useragent = $metager->getUserAgent();
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        $this->ip = $metager->getIp();
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        $this->startTime = microtime();

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        # Suchstring generieren
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        $q = "";
        if (isset($this->hasSiteSearch) && $this->hasSiteSearch === "1") {
            if (strlen($metager->getSite()) === 0) {
                $q = $metager->getQ();
            } else {
                $q = $metager->getQ() . " site:" . $metager->getSite();
            }

        } else {
            $q = $metager->getQ();
        }
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        $this->getString = $this->generateGetString($q, $metager->getUrl(), $metager->getLanguage(), $metager->getCategory());
        $this->hash = md5($this->host . $this->getString . $this->port . $this->name);
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        $this->resultHash = $metager->getHashCode();
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        $this->canCache = $metager->canCache();
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        if (!isset($this->additionalHeaders)) {$this->additionalHeaders = "";}
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    }

    abstract public function loadResults($result);

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    # Standardimplementierung der getNext Funktion, damit diese immer verwendet werden kann
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    public function getNext(MetaGer $metager, $result)
    {
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    }

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    # Prüft, ob die Suche bereits gecached ist, ansonsted wird sie als Job dispatched
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    public function startSearch(\App\MetaGer $metager)
    {
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        if ($this->canCache && Cache::has($this->hash)) {
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            $this->cached = true;
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            $this->retrieveResults($metager);
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        } else {
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            // We will push the confirmation of the submission to the Result Hash
            Redis::hset('search.' . $this->resultHash, $this->name, "waiting");
            // We need to submit a action that one of our workers can understand
            // The missions are submitted to a redis queue in the following string format
            // <ResultHash>;<URL to fetch>
            // With <ResultHash> being the Hash Value where the fetcher will store the result.
            // and <URL to fetch> being the full URL to the searchengine
            $url = "";
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            if ($this->port === "443") {
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                $url = "https://";
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            } else {
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                $url = "http://";
            }
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            $url .= $this->host;
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            if ($this->port !== 80 && $this->port !== 443) {
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                $url .= ":" . $this->port;
            }
            $url .= $this->getString;
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            $url = base64_encode($url);
            $mission = $this->resultHash . ";" . $url . ";" . $metager->getTime();
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            // Submit this mission to the corresponding Redis Queue
            // Since each Searcher is dedicated to one specific search engine
            // each Searcher has it's own queue lying under the redis key <name>.queue
            Redis::rpush($this->name . ".queue", $mission);

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            /**
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             * We have Searcher processes running for MetaGer
             * Each Searcher is dedicated to one specific Searchengine and fetches it's results.
             * We can have multiple Searchers for each engine, if needed.
             * At this point we need to decide, whether we need to start a new Searcher process or
             * if we have enough of them running.
             * The information for that is provided through the redis system. Each running searcher
             * gives information how long it has waited to be given the last fetcher job.
             * The longer this time value is, the less frequent the search engine is used and the less
             * searcher of that type we need.
             * But if it's too low, i.e. 100ms, then the searcher is near to it's full workload and needs assistence.
             **/
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            $needSearcher = false;
            $searcherData = Redis::hgetall($this->name . ".stats");

            // We now have an array of statistical data from the searchers
            // Each searcher has one entry in it.
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            // So if it's empty, then we have currently no searcher running and
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            // of course need to spawn a new one.
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            if (sizeof($searcherData) === 0) {
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                $needSearcher = true;
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            } else {
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                // There we go:
                // There's at least one Fetcher running for this search engine.
                // Now we have to check if the current count is enough to fetch all the
                // searches or if it needs help.
                // Let's hardcode a minimum of 100ms between every search job.
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                // First calculate the median of all Times
                $median = 0;
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                foreach ($searcherData as $pid => $data) {
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                    $data = explode(";", $data);
                    $median += floatval($data[1]);
                }
                $median /= sizeof($searcherData);
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                if ($median < .1) {
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                    $needSearcher = true;
                }
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            }
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            if ($needSearcher && Redis::get($this->name) !== "locked") {
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                Redis::set($this->name, "locked");
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                $this->dispatch(new Searcher($this->name, $this->user, $this->password));
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            }
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        }
    }

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    # Ruft die Ranking-Funktion aller Ergebnisse auf.
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    public function rank($eingabe)
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    {
        foreach ($this->results as $result) {
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            $result->rank($eingabe);
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        }
    }

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    # Magic ???
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    private function setStatistic($key, $val)
    {

        $oldVal = floatval(Redis::hget($this->name, $key)) * $this->uses;
        $newVal = ($oldVal + max($val, 0)) / $this->uses;
        Redis::hset($this->name, $key, $newVal);
        $this->$key = $newVal;
    }

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    # Entfernt wenn gesetzt das disabled="1" für diese Suchmaschine aus der sumas.xml
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    public function enable($sumaFile, $message)
    {
        $xml = simplexml_load_file($sumaFile);
        unset($xml->xpath("//sumas/suma[@name='" . $this->name . "']")['0']['disabled']);
        $xml->saveXML($sumaFile);
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        $this->enabled = true;
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    }

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    public function setResultHash($hash)
    {
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        $this->resultHash = $hash;
    }

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    public function closeFp()
    {
        fclose($this->fp);
    }

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    # Öffnet einen neuen Socket für diese Engine
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    public function getSocket()
    {
        $number = Redis::hget('search.' . $this->hash, $this->name);
        if ($number === null) {
            return null;
        } else {
            return pfsockopen($this->getHost() . ":" . $this->port . "/$number", $this->port, $errstr, $errno, 1);
        }
    }

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    # Fragt die Ergebnisse von Redis ab und lädt Sie
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    public function retrieveResults(MetaGer $metager)
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    {
        if ($this->loaded) {
            return true;
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        }

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        $body = "";
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        if ($this->canCache && $this->cacheDuration > 0 && Cache::has($this->hash)) {
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            $body = Cache::get($this->hash);
        } elseif (Redis::hexists('search.' . $this->resultHash, $this->name)) {
            $body = Redis::hget('search.' . $this->resultHash, $this->name);
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            Redis::hdel('search.' . $this->resultHash, $this->name);
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            if ($this->canCache && $this->cacheDuration > 0) {
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                Cache::put($this->hash, $body, $this->cacheDuration);
            }
        }
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        if ($body !== "" && $body !== "connected" && $body !== "waiting") {
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            $this->loadResults($body);
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            $this->getNext($metager, $body);
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            $this->loaded = true;
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public function shutdown()
    {
        Redis::del($this->host . "." . $this->socketNumber);
    }

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    # Erstellt den für die Get-Anfrage genutzten Host-Link
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    protected function getHost()
    {
        $return = "";
        if ($this->port === "443") {
            $return .= "tls://";
        } else {
            $return .= "tcp://";
        }
        $return .= $this->host;
        return $return;
    }

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    # Erstellt den für die Get-Anfrage genutzten String
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    private function generateGetString($query, $url, $language, $category)
    {
        $getString = "";

        # Skript:
        if (strlen($this->skript) > 0) {
            $getString .= $this->skript;
        } else {
            $getString .= "/";
        }

        # FormData:
        if (strlen($this->formData) > 0) {
            $getString .= "?" . $this->formData;
        }

        # Wir müssen noch einige Platzhalter in dem GET-String ersetzen:
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        # Useragent
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        if (strpos($getString, "<<USERAGENT>>")) {
            $getString = str_replace("<<USERAGENT>>", $this->urlEncode($this->useragent), $getString);
        }

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        # Query
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        if (strpos($getString, "<<QUERY>>")) {
            $getString = str_replace("<<QUERY>>", $this->urlEncode($query), $getString);
        }

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        # IP
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        if (strpos($getString, "<<IP>>")) {
            $getString = str_replace("<<IP>>", $this->urlEncode($this->ip), $getString);
        }

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        # Language
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        if (strpos($getString, "<<LANGUAGE>>")) {
            $getString = str_replace("<<LANGUAGE>>", $this->urlEncode($language), $getString);
        }

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        # Category
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        if (strpos($getString, "<<CATEGORY>>")) {
            $getString = str_replace("<<CATEGORY>>", $this->urlEncode($category), $getString);
        }

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        # Affildata
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        if (strpos($getString, "<<AFFILDATA>>")) {
            $getString = str_replace("<<AFFILDATA>>", $this->getOvertureAffilData($url), $getString);
        }
        return $getString;
    }

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    # Wandelt einen String nach aktuell gesetztem inputEncoding dieser Searchengine in URL-Format um
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    protected function urlEncode($string)
    {
        if (isset($this->inputEncoding)) {
            return urlencode(mb_convert_encoding($string, $this->inputEncoding));
        } else {
            return urlencode($string);
        }
    }

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    # Liefert Sonderdaten für Yahoo
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    private function getOvertureAffilData($url)
    {
        $affil_data = 'ip=' . $this->ip;
        $affil_data .= '&ua=' . $this->useragent;
        $affilDataValue = $this->urlEncode($affil_data);
        # Wir benötigen die ServeUrl:
        $serveUrl = $this->urlEncode($url);

        return "&affilData=" . $affilDataValue . "&serveUrl=" . $serveUrl;
    }

    public function isEnabled()
    {
        return $this->enabled;
    }
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    # Artefaktmethoden

    public function getCurlInfo()
    {
        return curl_getinfo($this->ch);
    }

    public function getCurlErrors()
    {
        return curl_errno($this->ch);
    }

    public function addCurlHandle($mh)
    {
        curl_multi_add_handle($mh, $this->ch);
    }

    public function removeCurlHandle($mh)
    {
        curl_multi_remove_handle($mh, $this->ch);
    }
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}